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Author Topic:   marketplaces
posted 09-09-2004 10:28 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for kc55   Click Here to Email kc55     Edit/Delete Message
Hey i am a student in high school and we are learning about castles. we have to do a presentation with a group, and each person must cover a certain part of the castle. my assigned part is the marketplace in the castle, and i cant seem to find any helpful information about it. can anyone help me out? thanks!

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posted 09-10-2004 03:17 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Merlin   Click Here to Email Merlin     Edit/Delete Message
A marketplace inside the castle? That was uncommon and would only be in very large castles that included a small town. What exactly do you need to know about it?

posted 09-11-2004 12:59 PM     Click Here to See the Profile for Peter   Click Here to Email Peter     Edit/Delete Message
As Merlin has stated, that would be strange.
But as in the case of say, Barnard Castle in North East England. There are several baileys to this castle (as there are many others)one of which held the fledgling town. There was a market held in the 'town bailey', which I suppose one could class as part of the castle fortifications.
So that is where any market would be based, not within the actual core of the castle or inner bailey.

posted 09-13-2004 04:24 AM     Click Here to See the Profile for Levan   Click Here to Email Levan     Edit/Delete Message
Many towns and castles had very strong links and dependencies. Townsfolk would provide services and manpower to the castle - which in return would provide protection.

In many instances, the Baron would also often be the person controlling the town's castle. It was in his interest for trade to take place in the environs of his castle - amongst other things it enable him to control what was going on, and even more importantly, collect rents and taxes, both for himself, the church and the crown as applicable. It also made the business of victualling the castle rather easier.

Most early markets and fairs in the UK were established by the grant of a royal charter.

Typically they were, "granted by the Crown as a reward to barons and landowners for services rendered to the Sovereign. The grant of a Royal Charter to a landowner was of great value as the landowner was allowed to charge rents and tolls to those sellers attending the markets and, most importantly, it gave protection to the holder of the charter from disturbance by other market operators. This protection still exists as, under common law, the holder of a market charter is entitled to take action against any rival market operator who opens a market or attempts to open a market within 6 and 2/3 miles of its charter market."

Quote from: http://www.warrington.gov.uk/entertainment/heritage/market.htm

For a wonderful site on mediaeval town history, which includes several towns such as York and Colchester (towns which had markets within their defensive walls) take a look at:

For a bibliography about mediaeval fairs and market places: http://www.the-orb.net/wales/mtib/mtb08.htm

Here is a list and description of all market towns in England and Wales to 1516: http://www.history.ac.uk/cmh/gaz/gazweb2.html

Markets before 1216: http://www.dur.ac.uk/r.h.britnell/articles/Earlymarkets.htm

Hope this gets you started.


[This message has been edited by Levan (edited 09-13-2004).]

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